Of biking joys and sorrows -An overview article about congestion / accident
The bicycle is the “Transportation developed” at most, and in some regions of Germany the car already expired as the main means of transportation 1st prize.
In Germany alone, there are approximately estimated 80 million bicycles.
In recent years, about four million new wheels for around five billion euros were added annually. Cycling is so trendy. Cycling is a known way healthy. “Cycling” is simply a treat for the body.
The saddle carries most of the weight and in the correct position on the wheel by joints, ligaments and tendons are spared.
At the same time, the muscles get through the uniform motion in momentum, the cardiovascular system is required and trained the condition. The quality of life is greatly improved and it helps to “general recovery”. Cycling improves endurance, strength, flexibility, balance, responsiveness, and provides the experience in a change of relaxation and physical challenge – “and then everything in nature”.
Another advantage of pedaling: the sporting challenge can always and at any time individually metered.
Therefore, cycling has also taken an essential component in modern rehabilitation and prevention.
Unlike other sports wear and overloading of the body while cycling make a rather lower hazard. Chronic injuries are rare, with neck / back pain as the main sources of Fehlbelastungs- / overload trauma are seen.
An absolute must is that there is a good balance between elasticity and stability at a good sport-specific muscles. The pelvic position of the primary center of movement during cycling is of crucial importance, because are the biomechanics and muscle of the hip / leg region needs in balance.
Significant knee problems often arise at loads with false Frequenzen- / force, and at least already unfavorable weight distribution with serious knee and / or capsular ligament and tendon injuries.
The phenomenon of “cyclist palsy” is a nerve compression syndrome of the median nerve / nerve or pudendal motor with the / sensory disturbances in the hand area or genital-rectal region is associated.
But many phenomena are inherent to sport as measured at an increasing incidence with increasing distance driven since even particularly trained cyclists almost equally ill and amateur athletes.
Therefore, effective and well-known prevention measures due to a rise of health and safety awareness of considerable importance. Knowledge of their own wheel “setup operation” and how to deal with his own acute physical status should lead to the prevention of secondary damage. The most common injuries occur due to accidents on the contrary, if the cyclist, for example, loses his balance or collides with an obstacle.
Cyclists lacks any crumple zones and airbags and the general statistics show an annual increase in the number of accidents by almost 5 percent. The positive health effects of cycling is clearly indisputable.
But, positive economic effects (due to reduction of diabetes, coronary heart disease, etc.) of cycling can even be calculated regionally and could be determined by way of example for the region Münster with over 70 million euros annually. This positive effect was purely mathematical unfortunately reduced significantly.
For the opposite stood in the same study, the economic “loss” of bicycle accidents sequence / sequences of more than 39 million euros!
Some statistical data: Cycling is 21.1%, the No 2 of accident injury list after the national sport and football ahead of other ball sports.
The distribution on road bike with about 15% to 45% of urban bike and mountain bike is 40%. The following areas are affected (daily / Sport) depending on the level of activity: the upper extremity (60/40%), followed head (about 35%) and the body / lower extremity (7/20%).
Interestingly enough, the units are easier to serious injury in particular the everyday driver the same.
But there is also a very high number of unreported cases often many serious accidents. This can be explained to a large extent by the nature of the accident and the high proportion of single vehicle accidents, because the proportion of falls without external influences is over 25%! At injuries occur in particular contusions / abrasions, followed by strains of thigh / hip muscles and hand, arm and collarbone fractures and severe blunt thoracic and abdominal injuries, and head injuries.
Without significant difference man / woman, the average age is 43 years, with 20 to 29 year olds are affected most often, followed by the group of over-60s.
There is also a relationship between weight and severity of the injury, because with increasing body mass index (abbreviated BMI) increases the risk of injury to. Interestingly, occur 60% of all sports accidents between 16.00 und 20.00 clock. Also shows the spring / early summer with a heaping accident statistics. The road continues to be the “most dangerous patch” for cyclists are.
But the fact is that more and more cyclists hurt off the streets. Special hazards here represent biking trails, and terrain.
For cyclists’ safety awareness is unfortunately often still not strong enough because still carries only a small number actually a helmet.
It is no shame to protect his body. Quite the contrary: Protective equipment should be self-evident when you consider that a fall from the bike already sufficient to suffer a rupture with fatal consequences. “Always these cyclists”, which is also a much-heard agonized cry of pedestrians and motorists about the champion on two wheels.
With the growth of cycling – so positive that in aggregate, take the specific aggression between almost all road users to each other. Aggression in overtaking situations, in reducing the distance between cars and cyclists in flowing traffic, misunderstandings when turning mutual blocking on narrow paths and other border situations can tempers flare up.
The main flaw of car users in recorded accidents are failing to give way (in 34% of cases), error when turning (28%), as well as errors when entering the flow of traffic (10%). Cyclists cause accidents in which they are the main fault, through driving errors (19%), by failing to give way (18%), due to close proximity (15%) and by the influence of alcohol (12%).
Urgent need for further minimization of bicycle accidents is targeted road safety. Just in Mallorca with up to 100,000 cyclists a year wishes you yourself to a “behavior training” and “Driver Training” in both cyclists like driving a car. This concerns both the optimization of cycle paths, as well as the specific behavior prevention in cycling and car drivers, as well as the technical characteristics of bicycles.
Many cyclists of the many risks of injury are sure not sufficiently aware of. Through intensive information and also the best protective clothing and safety equipment can reduce risk further and increase the fun of less risky cycling. Is ultimately and always remains a “residual risk” while cycling. Therefore, to be always well prepared and equipped with every top kilometers by bike is an absolute requirement.
But even that little bit of luck belongs to. And with the idea of Mallorca Resident Andreas Klier – Cyclist (Team Garmin-Barracuda) and inventor of the MYKNOAKY => http://www.myknoaky.com this can be a little “help out”. With the idea of ”knock on wood” is planted with the purchase of a small mobile wood Lucky Charm also a tree. So TOI TOI TOI you stay healthy and have more fun, especially in this great sport!
Your sports physician / therapist and cyclist Marco SEITA
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